History: Page 5

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Pokesdown in the 1960s…

The church building before the alterations to the front.
Photo from booklet ‘Rosebery Park Baptist Church:
The First Hundred Years’ by Robert J. Jeans.

The date of this photo is unknown, but it is after RPBC moved into this building (formerly known as “Keswick Hall”) in 1952, and BEFORE the alterations to the front of the building carried out in 1969/70. (See below for more on this).

Trolleybus by the Fire Station on the corner of Christchurch and Seabourne Road,
mid-late 1960s. Source: Bill Lonnen, Bournemouth History Facebook

“The 15 firemen who are the Pokesdown fire-fleet, work in three separate watches—Red, White and Blue—a nine-hour stint during the day: 15 on the night shift.” They have a button they press to change all the traffic lights at the three-way crossroads to red, allowing the fire engine to “speed on its way”, explains Crawley.84

‘Limelight on Pokesdown’, Christchurch Herald, 1st March 1963, by Tony Crawley:

“Pokesdown today is a big business centre — electrics seeming to be the most popular. Second-hand shops run a close second — they certainly attract the most window-gazers, rummagers and even eventual buyers. The township also houses a Blind Centre in Harrington-road, a Deaf Centre in Morley-road—and the Civil Defence Centre in Seabourne-road. The Astoria Cinema, in Christchurch-road, is owned by Ald. Marry Mears —part of his South Coast chain—and is quick to bring back successful new British and American films for their second local run.”85

Former Astoria Cinema, Pokesdown. Changed to bingo late 60s. Demolished 1997/98.
Source: Primolux. © John Thornley & Bob Dodson.

“Today’s Pokesdown [Railway Station] -so handy to the main road, buses and taxis on alighting from the trains- has a lift, which is always put at the disposal of the crippled [apologies – not language we would use today] or wheelchair-bound.”86 “Summer time is its busiest time, both for the day excursions snapped up by the local and Southbourne folk—and the incoming holidaymakers.”87

Photo showing Pokesdown Station and New Era Laundry, early 1960s. Source: Red House Museum Facebook.

“The New Era laundry works in Scotter-road, Pokesdown is more than 60 years old; this laundry concern was started as a small family business by the father of the present chairman, Mr. S. F. Bell. It is now an immense business—dealing with some 90,000 articles in their summer peak periods. And that includes 20,000 sheets. With its dry-cleaning subsidiary firm, New Era employs a staff of 170, including office personnel—plus a fleet of 15 delivery vans, covering an area from the New Forest to Swanage. Most of the staff have been on the company’s books for all their lives…”88

Rev. William Cowlan, Minister 1962 – 1969. Photo property of RPBC.

Rev. William Cowlan, who had been working with the Religious Education Press, became RPBC’s Minister in June 1962. His innovations include a yearly Harvest Sunday bread and cheese lunch to raise funds for Christian Aid, and a charity shop for ‘War On Want’ which raised £87.15s.4d. in donations and over three tons of clothing was sent to Persia and Algeria that year.89

In 1965 everyone who had connections with the church was invited to complete pro formas indicating what service they could offer and what need they had which they felt the Church could offer them, in the “Time, Talent & Treasure” stewardship programme. Some of the young people formed a guitar group, in 1964, called The Saints! Also on the theme of music, a new organ, a Hammond TR3, was purchased and dedicated in June 1966.90

PDF of the newspaper articles and documents is available here. They are images, and not plain text, but they can at least be enlarged for easier viewing this way.

Allan Clappen, who had already financed the new organ, gave a further generous gift which enabled welcome alterations to the front of the church building. Robert J. Jeans, author of the church’s first one hundred years history, and at this time the Church Secretary, explains: “The almost blank wall facing the street (see photo top of page) did not suggest the place was a church. Alterations would provide a central entrance to a vestibule, separated by a glass screen. The public would have a line of vision from the street through to an illuminated cross over the pulpit lit from dusk until eleven o’clock each evening. The scheme included the blocking of the former entrances and cloakrooms built under the stairs to the galleries.”91

Newspaper image © The British Library Board. All rights reserved.
With thanks to The British Newspaper Archive.
Illuminated cross as it looks today.
Photo taken 19th April 2021 for RPBC.

In December 1968 Rev. Cowlan advised the Church Secretary he would be finishing his ministry at RPBC in March 1969 to take up a new job. The Moderator, Rev. John Saunders, wrote that Rev. Cowlan had “been gifted with a warm hearted personality and a strong sense of pastoral care which made him sensitive to our various needs and has led us into fields of Christian fellowship with other Churches in the area and has enriched us more than we know. He has been wonderfully supported by his most gifted wife [Elizabeth], who has so fully identified herself to all aspects of the Church activities as well as using her outstanding dramatic abilities”.92

Here’s a nostalgia time-check for you: the end of steam trains! The low price of domestic coal, and an emotional attachment are suggested as two reasons for the procrastination over moving on from using steam engines.93 It took until December 1954 for the British Transport Commission to publish a modernisation plan for the railways, which included replacing steam engines with diesel and electric engines.94 By January 1966 the London Waterloo to Weymouth line was one of the last stretches of railway to still be almost fully steam operated. Its last steam train ran on 8th July 1967.95

The following 1963 publication of ‘The Reshaping of Britain’s Railways’, commonly known as the ‘Beeching Report’96 resulted in Boscombe Station (on Ashley Road) being closed on 4th October 1965.97

I really want to share this photo, but am unable to as there’s been no response to my requests to buy/license it for use here.

Bournemouth Belle passing Pokesdown, April 1959. Source: J.A. Young’s ‘Pokesdown and Iford Yesterday’.
This bus is a diesel Daimler, no more overhead wires needed!
Source: Old Bus Photos © Diesel Dave.

Near the start of Rev Dennis Banfield’s time as RPBC Minister, 1969/70, the alterations to the front aspect of the church were finally finished, after delays caused by reaching agreement on new fire precautions.

The new central entrance and glass divide between vestibule and sanctuary (i.e. between the entrance area and the part of church where services are held) gave the building the substantially different look it has today.99

By 1971 the evening congregation had grown, and this was attributed to the local distribution of St John’s gospels by the church. House prayer groups were set up in areas which most people could easily reach, and Rev. Banfield led a Baptist Union Training Programme.100

Another major change in transport gave the roads a different look, as the decision was made in 1963 to replace the trolleybuses with diesel buses. No more overhead wires needed! The final trolleybus scheduled service ran on 19th April 1969.98

Into the 1970s…

Rev. Dennis R. Banfield, Minister 1969 – 1980.
Photo property of RPBC.

For the church’s 88th anniversary, an exhibition with static displays, and slides, and members to meet-and-greet, was held over four days to tell local residents about the church’s work and history of service and ministering to the community.101

Jeans writes about Rev. Banfield’s eleven-year ministry at RPBC: “Over twenty had confessed their personal commitment to Christ in baptism, the standard of worship had never been allowed to drop, spiritual life and awareness had deepened. Church and ecumenical fellowship had been strengthened and the neighbourhood made more aware of Christian faith, witness and service which were available in their locality.”102

colour photo of a plain rectangle building, the new fire station, built in the mid 1970s
The “new” Pokesdown Fire Station, near the top of Seabourne Road, built mid 1970s, demolished about 1990. It looks very 1970s! Date of this photo: 1988. Source: Grant Flickr.
Same site today. This photo, taken for RPBC: 31 May 2021
Baptist Churches listing from 1973 edition of Kelly’s Directory.
Source: thegenealogystore.co.uk

Twenty-one years on from RPBC moving into its current building on Christchurch Road, and the former occupants of the building are still meeting in the venue they moved to in Haviland Road, with the name “Keswick Baptist Church” taken with them from “Keswick Hall”. While Rosebery Park Baptist Church has taken its name from the Rosebery Park Estate of yesteryear with them to what was “Keswick Hall”!! The original names, “Keswick” and “Rosebery Park”, were never inspired by any local connection – the interesting, if potentially confusing, history of church names!103

From the 1960s, holidays abroad were an option for more and more people, enabled by larger and faster aircraft (bringing economies of scale), the easing of restrictions on taking currency abroad, and rapid hotel construction in many Mediterranean countries.104 One website says: “By 1979, for the first time in history, Britons spent more on overseas holidays than on holidays at home.”105

Summaries of what was going on in the nation and locally in the late 1970s – 1980s onwards often include sobering references to “the decline of the seaside town”.

SeasideHistory.co.uk’s look at the tourist statistics suggests that rather than there being a dramatic reduction in number of visitors to seaside towns (LESS VISITORS), the problem was LESS MONEY being spent in seaside towns, as the more affluent people were now going abroad for their main holiday, with UK seaside resorts as an additional short holiday.106

The centre of Bournemouth off-set these challenges by concentrating on being home to more language schools than any other town in the UK, a growing university, and the conference trade – the Bournemouth International Centre was built in 1984 specifically to be a magnet for this.107

chart showing number of holiday makers from UK going abroad increasing from 1951 onwards
Number of holiday makers, 1950s to 1990s, UK v. Abroad.
Source: SeasideHistory.co.uk © Steven Braggs and Diane Harris.
chart showing UK holiday makers increasing the amount they spend abroad from 1951 onwards
Annual expenditure on tourism, 1950s to 1990s, UK v. Abroad.
Source: SeasideHistory.co.uk © Steven Braggs and Diane Harris.

But Boscombe, along the coastline, one and half miles away, sadly does fit the “decline” picture. As the ‘Boscombe Strategic Assessment’ (published 2011) explains: “The decline of the English holiday market saw the area’s hotels and guest houses turned into Houses of Multiple Occupation (HMOs), attracting the homeless, vulnerable households and migrant workers. Demand for services is concentrated in the area – this comes from drug and alcohol users, the unemployed and benefit claimants. The problems are not unique – they are experienced by many seaside towns. Intensive efforts are needed to tackle severe social problems including high levels of population transience and the chaotic lifestyles of some residents.”108

Map of licensed ‘Houses of Multiple Occupation’ from Boscombe & Pokesdown Neighbourhood Plan, 2019.

It’s hard to tell where Pokesdown fits into this story. By the 1970s it’s been fifty years or more since Pokesdown was considered to extend as far as the beach! Checking the 1973 Kelly’s Directory by road names109 shows there were few hotels or B&Bs listed in Pokesdown itself. And if we fast-forward to 2017, the Council says there are 119 licensed ‘Houses of Multiple Occupation’ in Boscombe West, compared to only 23 in Boscombe East ward (which includes Pokesdown).110 But the Christchurch Herald article about Pokesdown in 1963 identified one of the largest local employers as the New Era Laundry, with a staff of 170 and a fleet of 15 delivery vans, “dealing with some 90,000 articles in their summer peak periods”, including 20,000 sheets.111

Maybe, like the early years of its urbanisation -when Pokesdown was where the artisans and workers lived who built and served Bournemouth- Pokesdown was still home to the workers, who were now dependent for their living on working in the supporting services needed by the tourist trade? Maybe both locals and holidaymakers were spending less money in the local shops?

In addition to tourism related changes in the economy, local shops may also have lost trade due to the opening of an out-of-town shopping centre in 1968, The Hampshire Centre, on nearby Castle Lane West, but the impact it had is uncertain. Did the convenience of shopping there make the need to “pop” into Pokesdown redundant? Were the type of shops available at The Hampshire Centre in direct competition with Pokesdown shops? Or was it more of a threat to the centre of Bournemouth? Also, The Hampshire Centre was not necessarily a success story. By the mid 1970s a number of its units were empty.112

Ad for Woolco at The Hampshire Centre. Date: 1977.
Source Alwyn Ladell Flickr.

The copy and paste citation for this page: The History of Rosebery Park Baptist Church and Pokesdown, Page 5. Author: Michelle Fogg. Date: June 2021. Url: https://roseberypark.org/history/incl-pokesdown-page-5/

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Rosebery Park Baptist Church, 812-814 Christchurch Road, between Boscombe and Pokesdown, Bournemouth, BH7 6DF